New study shows our health is now better with people living longer. Life expectancy is rising, with an overall gain of 10 years since 1980, even in some of the world’s poorest nations.
While men now live up to 69, women are expected to live up to 75 worldwide. Even healthy life expectancy is growing. However, people live longer but they spend more time managing an illness or disability.
According to experts, it’s believed that most are caused by infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria and diarrhea which have recorded many deaths. Researchers also discovered that the rate of people dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer has also fallen.
Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Christopher Murray at the University of Washington, USA, said its results painted a picture of patchy health gains across the world, driven in part by economic development.
“Development drives, but does not determine health, ‘We see countries that have improved far faster than can be explained by income, education or fertility. And we also continue to see countries – including the United States – that are far less healthy than they should be given their resources,” he noted.
Healthy life expectancy increased in 191 of 195 countries – by 6.1 years between 1990 and 2015. It had not risen as much as overall life expectancy, meaning people are living more years with illness and disability.
Deaths of children under the age of five have halved since 1990, but there has been slower progress on reducing newborn deaths. It also found headaches, tooth cavities and hearing and vision loss affect more than 1 in 10 people worldwide.