NIGERIA does not have an enviable record when it comes to Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGIs) which chronicles aggregate and individual governance, taking into consideration major indicators namely: voice, accountability, control of corruption, political stability, absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law among others.
The governance indicators contribute to the growing empirical research of governance which have provided activists and reformers worldwide with advocacy tools for policy reform and monitoring.
The indicators are part of the current research and opinions that have reinforced the experiences and observations of reform-minded individuals in government, civil society, and the private sector, that good governance is key to development.
“The WGIs are a compilation of the perceptions of a very diverse group of respondents, collected in large number of surveys and other cross-country assessments of governance. Some of these instruments capture the views of firms, individuals, and public officials in the countries being assessed. Others reflect the views of NGOs and aid donors with considerable experience in the countries being assessed, while others are based on the assessments of commercial risk-rating agencies,” the search engine Wikipedia observed.
ENCOMIUM Weekly drew more findings from public opinion and World Bank’s research in the last decade.
We begin with the issue of Voice which guarantees the rights of the governed to express their views. Here Nigerians fare better than in the military era. However, more still needs to be done.
Accountability has been taken for granted as leaders are not fully accountable to the people. The electorates don’t have functional platforms to question their leaders in the spirit of true democracy.
Corruption remains the bane of Nigeria in the light of WGIs. Rated as one of the most corrupt countries in the world, this cast aspersion on the nation’s governance profile.
With the current administration generally perceived as ineffective and clueless, Nigeria again falters when it comes to the ability of government to function well. This issue needs to be addressed by Nigerian leaders.
Also questionable is the issue of regulation and quality service. Here government agencies are said to be doing their best in terms of reforms though more need to be done.
Nigeria has been rated high in the area of political stability in the last fifteen years or so. With democracy sustained over the years with no military intervention, observers give kudos to the giant of Africa.
There is no total absence of rule of law in Nigeria. Though there might be few cases of impunity such are often reversed when the attention of relevant authorities are called to them.
Finally, the prevalence of violence in some parts of the country mainly due to insurgency, contributes to Nigeria’s poor rating in global governance scale.
It is hoped that some of these WGIs will sure improve over the years as Nigeria evolves as a democracy.
– UCHE OLEHI